Monuments Of Kashmir

Overview

The people of Jammu and Kashmir have a very special and magnificent legacy of respecting and worshiping each other’s religions and places of pilgrimage. There are well-known Hindu shrines alongside well-known Muslim pilgrimage sites that are admired by people of all faiths. The Indian historical and archaeological heritage are retained beautifully.  Buddhism originated in this valley and was originally preached and spread by Kashmiri intellectuals therefore, it is still practiced in the Ladakh area of the State. Special value is attached to the state’s antique sculptures and buildings. This state is a shelter for history fans as well as a paradise for those who enjoy the outdoors, adventure, and history.

The state has a vast history of rule from the Dogra Dynasty to the Mughals as evidenced by its historic monuments and structures. Wonderful examples of this interfaith may be found in pilgrimage sites like Hari Parbat Fort where side-by-side monuments representing the three main religions—Muslim, Hindu, and Sikh—can be found. Below is a list of some of the significant shrines and monuments of Kashmir:

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01. Hari Parbat Fort-Srinagar

Hari Parbat Fort

On the top of the Hari Parbat Mountain this fort was constructed in the 18th century by Afghan Governor Atta Mohammad Khan under the Durrani Empire. Also known as Koh-i-Maran, Hari Parbat Fort gives a bird’s eye view of Srinagar city. The mosques, Sikh, and Hindu shrines are among the many buildings that make up the fort complex. This is the location of the highly respected Sharika Temple which honors Goddess Parvati. It is the most popular destination in Srinagar and a revered shrine for Hindus. Popular among Sikhs, Gurudwara Chatti Patshahi is situated at the Kathi Darwaza and thought to be the spot where Guru Har Gobind Singh Ji stayed for a few days during his travel in Kashmir. 

Location: Nohata, Srinagar Jammu & Kashmir 
Entry fees: no entry fees
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02. Awantipora Ruins

Awantipora which is named after the Kashmiri king Avantivarman is situated on the Srinagar-Pahalgam Highway. It contains the remnants of two Hindu temples constructed by Avantivarman in the 9th century. During the excavations in the 18th century British archaeologists found the temples. Numerous stories are preserved in the ruins as evidenced by the inscriptions on the pillars and the numerous sculptures that have withstood environmental and dynastic damage. The pillars are covered with numerous sculptures that depict mythological animals and demigods.

Location: Awantipora, Pulwama district, Jammu and Kashmir
Entry fees: no entry fees
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03. Mughal Gardens

nishat bagh

These are the well-known historical places in Kashmir that draw visitors from all around the world. Pari Mahal, Achabal Garden, Shalimar Bagh, Nishat Bagh, Chashme Shahi, and Verinag, these 6 magnificent gardens are incredible sites to observe the magnificent history and the engineering of the bygone era. The Mughals used topography and available resources to their fullest potential when building these gardens. Every garden is terraced providing a restorative space where visitors can enjoy the breathtaking views. The visual pleasure of these verdant gardens is enhanced by the amazing diversity of trees and flowers that adorn them. For those who enjoy the outdoors and history these are a haven where they may have an unforgettable trip to Kashmir.

Location: Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir 
Entry fees:  INR 20 for adults, INR 10 for children
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04. Jamia Masjid, Srinagar

jamia masjid

Jamia Masjid was one such magnificent mosque that was built in Jammu and Kashmir in ancient times. It was constructed in Kashmir under Sultan Sikandar’s rule in 1400 A.D. Situated in the center of Srinagar’s district called Nowhatta. This magnificent mosque is well-known for its exquisite design. Among the tourist attractions of Srinagar is this mosque as this location is peaceful for visitors. This Indo-Saracen building features an amazing courtyard and 370 wooden pillars. Over the years a lot of visitors and tourists have been drawn to see this special feature. The architecture of Jamia Masjid is striking, despite its location among bustling marketplaces. One of India’s most revered mosques is Jamia Masjid.

Location: Nowhatta, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
Entry fees: no entry fees.
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05. Hazratbal Shrine

Hazratbal is said to be the holiest shrine in Kashmir where a hair strand belonging to Prophet Mohammed is kept. The hair is often referred to as Moi-e-Muqaddas or “the relic.” Combining the terms Hazrat which means holy or respected and Bal which means location, results in the phrase “holy place” or “respected place.” Hazratbal Shrine is a popular tourist destination in Srinagar and Muslims at least visit once in their lifetime. On certain occasions such as the birthdays of the Prophet Muhammad and his four primary companions Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique, Hazrat Umar ibn Khattab, Hazrat Usman ibn Affan, and Hazrat Ali, the Prophet’s sacred hair is presented to the public. Numerous followers and visitors from across the nation attend these events.

Location: Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
Entry fees: no entry fees
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06. Shankaracharya Temple

shankaracharya temple

Situated atop of the Takht-e-Suleiman hill in the Srinagar district lies the Shankaracharya shrine. It is situated on the top of the hill which is 1100 feet above the main city’s surface. Dedicated to Lord Shiva the Shankaracharya Mandir in Kashmir is reputed to be the valley’s oldest place of worship. The temple is regarded as a symbol of Buddhist architecture as well. The hill which has been called many other names over the ages has also been associated with Islam and Persian culture. The names Gopadari Hill, Sandhimana-parvata, Koh-e-Suleman, and Takht-i-Sulaiman are among those connected to the hill.

Location: Shankaracharya Hill, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
Entry fees: no entry fees
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07. Mubarak Mandi Palace

Mubarak Mandi was constructed during the Dogra Dynasty era by the former maharaja of Jammu’s home which reflects architectural marvel. Until 1925 Hari Singh’s primary residence was here. After that he relocated to Hari Niwas Palace. The Mubarak Mandi Palace complex which has buildings from where Tawi River is seen, and this also includes some that date back to 1824. It took over 150 years for the succeeding maharajas to construct the Mubarak Mandi Palace that we can see today. The palace’s architecture is a fusion of Mughal, European baroque, and Rajasthani architectural styles. Darbar Hall, the Royal Courts Buildings, Nawa Mahal, Pink Palace, Hawa Mahal, Rani Charak Palace, Sheesh Mahal, and Toshkhana Palace are among the buildings that make up the complete complex.

Location: Jammu Tawi, Panjtirthi, Jammu & Kashmir 
Entry fees: no entry fees

08. Pari Mahal

Pari Mahal

Pari Mahal is the ideal illustration of Mughal architectural style having been constructed during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. This historical place in kashmir monument site is well-known for its exotic fruit orchards, vibrant flowers, and beautiful surroundings. April to September is the ideal time of year to visit Kashmir as the weather is clear and pleasant. During this time this monument is surrounded by rich foliage which enhances its beauty. Locally known as Peer Mahal or the “Palace of the Fairies,” and was constructed as a library for Shah Jahan’s eldest son, Dara Shikoh, in the middle of the 1600s. Pari Mahal is a seven-terraced garden tucked away in the shadow of the Zabarwan mountain range which is southwest of Dal Lake.

Location: Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir 
Entry fees: INR 20 per person

09. Poonch Fort

Aru Valley

Poonch Fort which is also known as Poonch Qila is regarded as one of historical places in Jammu and Kashmir having significant castles. Raja Rustam Khan constructed this fort which is situated in the Poonch township in the state’s district of the same name, between 1760 and 1787. The Mughal architectural style had a strong effect on the fort’s design. Raja Moti Singh spent 40 years restoring the fort because he was so taken aback by its architectural design. He once employed a European architect to decorate the palace in the European architectural style. It is now regarded as one of the Poonch’s most popular tourist attractions.

Location: Poonch district, Jammu and Kashmir
Entry fees: The entry fee in the fort will be free.

10. Bahu Fort

Situated on the Tawi River’s edge lies Jammu’s medieval fort called the Bahu Fort. Bahu Fort was built by Rajput Raja Bahu Lochan and it is thought to be three millennia old. This Fort is home to a temple that holds great significance for the local community, Goddess Kali who is a manifestation of Goddess Parvati is the subject of the temple. Locals refer to the temple as “Baawe wali Maata.”  On Sunday and Tuesday, masses of devotees’ flock to this shrine. The Bahu Mela is held at the Mahakali Temple at Bahu Fort twice a year.

Location: Gorkha Nagar, Jammu Tawi, Jammu & Kashmir 
Entry fees: INR 10 for adults, INR 5 for kids, and INR 5 (camera fees)

11. Akhnoor Fort

Among the monuments of Kashmir, Akhnoor Fort is located on a cliff and on the bank of the Chenab River’s edge which is home to a two-story castle adorned with murals and arches. Akhnoor Fort which was constructed in the early 19th century is renowned for its superb examples of Indian military architecture. Raja Tez Singh started the fort’s construction and Raja Alam Singh who is his successor finished it in 1802. Situated on the old archeological village of Manda this fort is surrounded by the stunning Shivalik hills and inside the fort complex is a palace draped with ornate arches and decorated with beautiful mural paintings. Archaeologists have gathered the artifacts from this location that belong to the Harappan culture. This fort is now recognized as a national monument.

Location: Akhnoor, Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir 
Entry fees: no entry fees

12. Martand Sun Temple

marthand sun temple

This temple offers a 360 view of the Kashmir valley and was constructed on top of a plateau in the Anantnag district. Visitors traveling through this area feel obligated to visit this site of historical significance which is only 9 kms from the major town of Anantnag. This location which lies close to Krewa in the middle of a mountainous area is also known as Pandu Koru. The phrase “house of Pandavas’  (Pandavanki lari) is also used by the locals to refer to this temple. One of Kashmir’s most popular destinations is this magnificent monument, which the Indian government has created for tourists. Since Martand represents the sun in Indian mythology this is also known as the Sun Temple in India.

Location: Near Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir
Entry fees: no entry fees

13. Amar Mahal Palace

Amar Mahal Palace built in the 19th century on the Tawi River’s right bank is devoted to Raja Amar Singh. The French architect created it with a French cellar design in mind. This palace was once the Dogra Dynasty’s home before being transformed into a museum. Dr. Karan Singh gave the palace to the Hari-Tara charity foundation so that it might be used as a museum. One of the buildings in the complex is Hari Niwas Palace which honors Raja Hari Singh, the son of Raja Amar Singh. This is a fantastic site to gain a glimpse into the regal lifestyle of bygone era kings and queens is the heritage hotel that Hari Niwas Palace was converted into. It is home to 25,000 vintage books and several rare artifacts making it a veritable gold mine of information.

Location: Karan Nagar, Jammu Tawi, Jammu & Kashmir; Palace Road 
Entry fees: INR 50 for foreigners, INR 10 for adults, and INR 5 for children

14. Bhimgarh Fort

Bhimharh fort also called the Reasi Fort is situated northwest of Jammu City. The Dogra emperors kept the fort as a location to stay in case of need. Reasi heir Maharaja Gulab Singh had reconstructed this fort with stones. Rebuilding it took about 30 years , from 1917 to 1841. It’s a massive fort which is distinguished by Rajasthani sculptures on its Baluka stone entrance gate. Huge statues of Lord Hanuman and Goddess Mahakali may also be seen at this entry gate. A colossal stone wall fortifies it, keeping the fort safe from all kinds of attacks. It consists of numerous apartments, a pond, and a temple. Following the death of Maharaja Gulab Singh, this fort served as a treasury and armory for his successors. This armory was destroyed, and the treasure was given to them under British rule. 

Location: Reasi, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Entry Fee: INR 20 for Indian tourists

15. Charar-e-Sharif

In the Badgam district of Jammu and Kashmir sits the lovely town of Charar-e-Sharief and is said to be one of the most revered Muslim shrines. This holy Muslim site Hazrat Sheikh Noor-ud-din Wali is devoted to the Sufi Saint Sheikh Noor-ud-din Noorani who was a Muslim benefactor saint in Kashmir. The sheikh saw the conversion of the people around him from Hinduism to Islam during his lifetime.  The Alamdar-e-Kashmir tomb of Sheikh Noor-ud-din Noorani is located here, and this shrine was once owned by Sangram Dar and is located 28 km to the southwest of Srinagar. Dar, an adherent of Alamdar-e-Kashmir, constructed a mosque in this location. Sheikh Noor-ud-din Noorani performed his Friday Namaz here as well.

Location: Budgam district, Jammu and Kashmir
Entry fees: no entry fees

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    FAQ's

    Kashmir is home to many monuments that showcase the region’s rich history and culture. There are more than a 100 historical structures and monuments such as Mughal gardens, Bahu fort, Bhimgarh fort, Amar Mahal palace and many more. These locations which are dispersed around the area highlight the various cultural and architectural influences that have created Kashmir over the course of many years.
    The Shankaracharya Temple is Jammu and Kashmir’s most well-known landmark which is dedicated to Lord Shiva and this historic Hindu temple is situated atop the Shankaracharya Hill in Srinagar. It is not just a site of spiritual significance but also an architectural marvel that draws thousands of tourists and pilgrims each year with its panoramic views of the city and Dal Lake.
    The magnificent Shankaracharya Temple, the Martand Sun Temple, the Mughal Gardens are only a few examples of Jammu and Kashmir’s rich past. In addition, the region is home to the Poonch Fort, the Charar-e-Sharif shrine, and the ancient Jamia Masjid in Srinagar all of which attest to its rich cultural and historical heritage.
    Yes there are a number of ancient forts in Jammu and Kashmir. One such fort is the nearly 3,000-year-old Bahu Fort in Jammu and another example of Mughal architecture is the Poonch Fort. These forts provide breathtaking views of the surrounding surroundings in addition to being historical landmarks.
    In Kashmir there are a lot of historical remains to see including the Martand Sun Temple which is an 8th-century architectural marvel. For those who enjoy history, Kashmir is a veritable gold mine thanks to the Awantipora Ruins which are the remains of old Hindu temples and provide insight into the rich historical and cultural heritage of the area.
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