Puga Valley


Situated in the southeastern region of Ladakh, the Puga Valley is a mesmerizing natural wonder. Surrounded by the remarkable Changthang Valley, the valley is home to plenty of sulfur, borax, and other minerals. It is also known for its hot springs and mud pools with therapeutic properties. Puga Valley is a source of tremendous geothermal energy, making it a popular destination for tourists and researchers. As one takes in the stunning views of the mountains, steam from the hot springs can be seen rising in the background.

Spanning 30 kilometers, the Valley features a wealth of nature, wildlife, and bird-watching opportunities. Nature lovers and photographers may observe yaks, sheep, bar-headed geese, brahmin ducks, and black-necked cranes among many other species in the area.

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Places To Visit In Puga Valley

Changtang Wildlife Sanctuary

Located in the Changthang Plateau, the Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary is well-known for its rich biodiversity and stunningly beautiful high-altitude lakes, Tso Moriri, Pangong, and Tso Kar. The sanctuary is situated at an altitude of between 4,000 and 9,000 feet.

Tso Moriri Lake

Situated in the Changthang Plateau, Tso Moriri is the biggest mountain lake in India and boasts a height of 4,522 meters. It’s a tranquil spot, surrounded by snow-capped mountains and gorgeous natural scenery, offering a perfect environment for birdwatching. Visitors can expect to see unique species like the bare-headed goose, the great-crested grebe, the brown-headed gull, and the brahmin duck.

Tso Kar

Situated in the Ladakh Valley’s Rupshu Plateau is the high-altitude Salt Lake, Tso Kar, which is also known as the White Lake. It is well-known for its white salt deposits that line its shores and the beautiful flora and fauna that can be found there, along with the opportunity for bird watching. In particular, the rare black-necked crane can be seen here.


Hanle sometimes referred to as Anle, is a beautiful village nestled in the Hanle River Valley, close to the Puga Ladakh area. Rich in history, this village was an important stop on the historic Ladakh-Tibet trade route.

Visitors can explore a range of activities, such as photography, hiking, and stargazing. Additionally, the Indian Astronomical Observatory, one of the highest astronomical observatories in the world, is located here.


Nyoma, located in the vicinity of Puga Ladakh, is a peaceful hamlet situated along the Indus River.

This off-the-beaten-path village features a stunning, centuries-old Buddhist monastery.

Hemis Monastery

Situated in the charming, historic village of Hemis, the Hemis Monastery is a must-see. This is the site of the well-known Hemis Festival and is surrounded by majestic mountains and the Hemis High Altitude Wildlife Sanctuary.

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Things To Do In Puga Valley

The Hot Springs

The Puga Valley is renowned nationwide for its abundance of sulfur and borax deposits, and the Chumathang Hot Spring is one of the many hot springs that bring in a huge number of visitors annually.

The hot steam emanating from the springs is easily visible from afar, and the high sulfur content makes them a popular remedy for skin disorders and rheumatic problems.

The Geothermal Energy Hotspot

Blessed with an abundance of natural beauty, the Valley is a part of the renowned Himalayan geothermal belt. Not only is it one of the few places in the nation that is rich in geothermal energy, but the presence of mud pools and hot sulfur spring serves as a testament to this. This adds an extra layer of intrigue to the already fascinating region, offering an unforgettable experience for any traveler.

Visit this scenic Valley in Ladakh, renowned for its hot springs and mud pools and its use in generating geothermal power. Marvel at the picturesque green hills, with the majestic mountains as a backdrop. Relax in the hot springs of Puga Valley and get some relief from skin issues and other ailments. Don’t forget to take pictures of the vast sulfur and borax deposits. If you’re lucky, you may spot various animals and birds like yaks, brahmin ducks, black-necked cranes, and sheep. Make sure to go to the nearby Tso Kar Lake to witness the white salt efflorescence left by the saline water on the lake’s shores.

Experience the best adventure in Leh Ladakh: Leh Ladakh Bike Trip

Essential Information About Puga Valley

It is about 176 kilometers from Leh to Puga Valley, and the journey usually takes 4 to 5 hours by car. You can either hire your own car or take a taxi service to get to the Valley.

The ideal time to visit Puga Ladakh is between April and July, as well as between September to October. During these months, the weather is pleasant with temperatures typically between 15-30 degrees Celsius.

Read here the complete details on: Best time to visit Leh Ladakh


The valley is famous for its geothermal energy and beautiful surroundings. The valley is also known for its hot springs and mud pools. Puga Valley is home to many minerals such as sulfur, borax, etc. This is one of the popular tourist attractions in Ladakh. The valley has stunning natural beauty, unique hot water springs, and rich culture and heritage.
Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport is the nearest airport in Ladakh which is very well connected to major cities of India such as Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, etc. From the airport book a cab direct to Puga Valley. The distance from Leh airport to Puga is 176 kilometers.
The valley is located in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir. It sits at an altitude of 4400 meters and the maximum elevation is 6649 meters above sea level. It is blessed with hundreds of hot water springs.
The best time to visit Puga Valley is in the summer months. From June to September the entire valley is at its full glory. The weather will be also pleasant for sightseeing and all the places are accessible. In winter time the valley receives heavy snowfall and the temperature at that time hits below the freezing point. The roads also remain cut off in winter months.
The distance from Ladakh to Puga Valley is 176 kilometers and the drive will take you around 4-5 hours to reach. You can hire a car/ taxi to get to the valley. Puga Valley is one of the beautiful valleys that offers travellers breathtaking views of and beautiful surroundings.
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